Gout Diet Foods

Gout is a type of arthritis which has been estimated to affect 5 out of every 100 arthritis cases, and is typified by swelling, pain, inflammation and redness of one or multiple body joints.

The joint most affected is the big toe, certainly in the first flare up of the condition. After the primary gout attack other joints can be affected. Gout is caused by a high concentration of uric acid in the blood which forms crystals that are deposited around the joints, which is often the result of the breakdown of purines, which are to be found in many compounds in the body.

Reducing the intake of purines in the diet is one of the best ways to reduce gout flare ups and ease the painful symptoms. Increasing gout diet foods can be one of the best ways to prevent gout flare ups.

What are the best Gout Diet Foods?

A balanced diet is essential for everyone; however there are certain foods high in purines which can contribute to gout attacks. To reduce the likelihood of painful gout symptoms, it is a good practice to reduce the intake of purine rich foods, and to increase gout diet foods known to have low quantities of purines. The purine content of meat and oily fish is high, and whilst it can be eaten in moderation it should be less than 6 ounces per day, and is best not to be consumed on a daily basis. Try to keep the diet balanced, and avoid binges of non-recommended foods and alcohol. Swith foods high in purines to foods low in purines and gout attacks can be limited. Gout can increase the risk of developing heart disease, so it is advisable to reduce the intake of fats and high cholesterol foods.
Whilst gout medication can reduce gout attacks, and reduce the need for adopting an ultra strict gout diet, a change of diet is always recommended.

The foods listed below have been rated for their purine content:

Gout Diet Foods to be Avoided

  • Anchovies, Pilchards, Sardines, Herring, Mackerel, and fish roe
  • Offal: Liver, kidney, sweetbreads and heart
  • Meat extracts
  • Game meat including duck and goose
  • Gravy and meat stocks and soups such as consomme
  • Scallops and mussels

Gout Diet Foods OK in Small Quantities

  • Fish and shellfish not mentioned above
  • Poultry such as chicken and turkey
  • Meat (beef, pork and lamb)
  • Full fat Dairy products
  • Whole grain bread and flour, wheat germ & bran
  • Asparagus, Spinach, peas, cauliflower
  • Mushrooms
  • Lentils, dried beans and dried peas

Best Gout Diet Foods – Foodstuffs Low in Purines

  • Eggs in moderation; 4 or less per week
  • Tofu is a good meat alternative which is low in purines
  • Nuts
  • Fresh fruit and vegetables not mentioned above, including fruit and vegetable juices
  • Low fat dairy products
  • White bread and bread products from refined flour
  • Pasta & Rice
  • Sugar, honey, cake and sweets in moderation

Fluid Intake

It is important to note that alcohol should be avoided at all costs during an attack, and limited during gout free episodes. Beer is particularly bad, although a small quantity of wine is less likely to trigger an attack. As a rough and ready guide, limit alcohol intake to a maximum of 3 drinks per week. That’s standard measures, of course. It is important to drink plenty of water (2-3 liters) a day because this will help to dilute the excess amounts of uric acid. Tea and coffee is generally fine, and it has been suggested that increasing coffee intake can actually help to reduce the risk of gout attacks, with 4-6 cups a day helpful.

In case you are not sure which are the best gout diet foods to eat and they are not included on the above lists it is best to seek the advice of a nutritionist or physician for professional advice.